Comercio, empleo y salarios en Colombia: Teoría y evidencia empírica

Publication Date: 
01 January 2002
Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Publication Place: 
Publication Language: 
Appearing in: 
Cuadernos de Economía

The author starts from the observation that the academic debate about openness in Colombia is a too polarized debate, and argues that a combination of theories and approaches is required in order to analyze the topic, and a greater emphasis on empirical analysis. Based on an analysis of the evidence available so far, it reaches the following conclusions; i) is the combination of opening policies, on the one hand, and trends in the field of technological change and change at the level of production factors, on the other that explains the behavior of commercial, labor and production variables; ii) although certain commercial flows respond to the logic of the classic and neoclassical models, the aperura as a whole are not captured in them; iii) with regard to the formulation of alternative industrial and commercial policies, they must be supported theoretically and empirically, and must be accompanied by a detailed analysis of the economic and social costs and benefits and of the redistributive effects; iv) there is no doubt that the opening is related to the adverse effects on employment and wages of the 90's.