European Union Discourses and Practices on the Iranian Nuclear Programme
This article aims at analysing different, partly overlapping and partly competing European security discourses that have emerged on the Iranian nuclear issue since 2003. Three main discursive themes have been singled out exemplifying the main identity representations of Iran and Europe, the main stances towards Iran and the representations of the nature of European foreign policy. Over the years, the coercive-securitisation discourse has become hegemonic over democracy promotion and cultural diplomacy-inspired discourses and European policies have
consistently followed suit. In terms of security governance, the European Union (EU) has created a format for negotiations, which has undergone subsequent enlargements, consistent with its securitised but multilateral discourses. While the nature of the collegial security governance espoused has brought positive effects in terms of reinforcing the EU’s own identity as an international actor both inside and outside, the resilience of the first discursive theme throughout the process despite other international actors’ dissonance signals that a more comprehensive and inclusive discourse towards the Iranian nuclear issue has failed to emerge.