Towards an effective United Nations-African Union partnership for peace: A critical outlook based on the implementation of the R2P in Libya
When the United Nations (UN) was established in 1945 in San Francisco, the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security was entrusted to the UN Security Council (UNSC). The potential contribution of regional arrangements was however valued, and an entire chapter of the UN Charter - Chapter VIII - envisioned the terms of the relationship between the UN and regional arrangements in the field of peace and security. Over the years, many regional organisations established worldwide. At the end of the nineties, the collapse of the bipolar world system spawned new threats to global security. The explosion of localised conflicts propelled regional organisations to the forefront. Driven by these organisations' comparative advantage of in their own region and their potential contribution to international peace and security, the UN started to evince its interest in joining forces with relevant regional organisations in maintaining peace worldwide.